Home > Educational Material > English> GCSE English - Paper 2 Section B - Analysing a Text

English - English Exam Skills - Analysing a Text

In your exam if you are asked to analyse a text you need to approach it in a clear and organised way.

Points to consider in the analysis of a text:

1. Content - what is being said in the text?

2. Language - how language is used and how it is being said.

3. Effects - created by the particular use of language.

4. Supporting - your ideas with specific references from the text.

5. Conclusions - drawing conclusions about the effectiveness of the writing.


Approaching the text:

When writing analytically about a text you need to have a structured approach to examining what the text has to say and how is says it.


Reading the key points:

Read through the text, to get a general idea of what it is saying.

Re-read the text carefully, making a note of the key/main points.


Links between content, audience and purpose:

Consider the texts purpose - what the writer wants to achieve and the audience it is aimed at - who the writer intends to read it.


Language use, audience and purpose:

Examine how language is used to suit the particular audience and achieve the particular purpose.


Logical approach:

Purpose Audience Content
What Questions WhoQuestions HowQuestions

Note: It is important when analysing a text to support your points with evidence and then comment on it.

Your analysis could be structured as follows:

1. Make a point

2. Quote evidence to support idea

3. Make a comment

4. Make another comment

5. Quote evidence to support idea

6. Make a comment.

The above method of:

Point Point, Evidence, Comment Evidence Point, Evidence, Comment Comment

can help you to structure your analysis of a text and also help you to avoid describing what the text is saying, rather than how it says it.

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