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English - Language Skills - Figurative Language

Concept Map .PDF - Figurative Language

Aural Imagery

Creating an impression through 'sound effects' rather than by creating a picture in a reader's mind.

There are three main types of aural imagery: Alliteration, Assonance and Onomatopoeia.

Alliteration

The occurence of the same sound or consonant letter at the beginning of or closely connected words, i.e. cool, calm, collected.

Assonance

Involves the repetition of a vowel sound to achieve a particular effect.

Example: Has no belief, commits no treason.

Onomatopoeia

The formation or use of words that initiate the sound associated with something.

Example: 'sizzle', 'hiss', 'buzz'.

Similes

Figure of speech, which involves the comparison of one thing with another of a different kind, in order to make the description more vivid.

They often use the word 'like' or 'as' to make the comparison.

Symbolism

Artistic and poetic movement or style using symbols and indirect suggestion rather than direct description/s to express ideas/emotions.

Metaphors

Create a comparison, but unlike similes which make comparisons using 'like' or 'as', metaphors say it is that thing.

Example: He is a lion in battle.

Personification

Another form of imagery, created by giving human qualities or feelings to something that is not human.

Example: The river glideth at his own sweet will. (This suggests that the river is living).

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