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Learning Research & Organisational Skills - Command Words & Meanings

 

Analyse

Identify separate factors so that you can say how they are related and how each one relates to the topic.

Identify key factors to show how they are linked and explain the importance of each.

Assess

Consider carefully all the factors or events that apply and identify which are the most important and relevant.

Create

Make – bring something into existence. Invent or construct an item – produce.

Classify Assign things – sort your information into appropriate categories before explaining or presenting it.
Compare/Contrast Examine two or more things in terms of their similarities and differences.
Comprehensively Explain

Provide detailed explanations, covering all relevant points + provide reasons.

Comment Critically

Provide your view(s) after you have considered all evidence, paying particular attention to the importance of both the relative positive and negative aspects.

Describe

Provide a clear straightforward description, including all the main points then link these together in a logical order.

Define

Explain clearly what a particular term means, provide example(s), if appropriate to show your explanation.

Demonstrate

Provide relevant examples/appropriate evidence to support the case you are making.

Discuss Present thoughtful and logical arguments to support the case you are making.
Explain

Provide a detailed account of something, with enough clarity and detail so that it can be understood by somebody else + provide reasons.

Re: presenting an argument – provide details + give reasons and/or evidence to clearly support the argument you are making.

Evaluate

Review all information and bring it together to form a conclusion.

For critical evaluation: judge, criticise in terms of impact/significance and investigate the implications.
Identify

Establish the identity, recognise and distinguish the main features or basic facts relating to a topic.

Interpret

Establish or explain the meaning or significance of something + understanding and explaining an effect or result.

Illustrate

Provide examples to show what you mean, by explanation or illustration (pictures).

Implement

Put something into effect or action. Interpret or justify the effect or result.

Justify

Provide appropriate reasons to support your opinion or views and show how you arrived at these conclusions.

List

Ordered series – provide the information required in a list, one after the other.

Outline

Provide a clear description indicating the principle features or different parts, avoiding too much detail.

Plan

Work out + explain how you will carry out a task/activity.

Relate/Report Show similarities and connections between two or more things. Provide a full account with reasons.
Research

Carry out a full investigation into a subject.

Specify Provide full details and descriptions of something – selected items or activities.
Select

Identify relevant information.

State

Write a clear, full account.

Summarise

Identify/review the main points, relevant factors and/or arguments so that these are explained in a clear and concise manner.

 

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