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Learning, Research & Organisational Skills - Using Quotations - A Guide

When you quote a person, you need to put their words in quotation marks (‘’).

There are various rules that you must follow when quoting:


You should explain the majority of your work yourself and use quotation to back up what you have said.



You must quote exactly and include any punctuation marks.



Double quotation marks (“ ”) must be used for longer quoted passages, which are generally from literary work.


If your quote is longer than approximately three lines, it must be indented. It must be put in its own paragraph, set in further from the margin of the page and the quotation marks omitted.


With all quotations you must provide a reference (see Guide to Referencing). The reference should be enclosed in brackets, immediately after by either naming the original source or using a number with your numbered reference list at the end.



When adding a word of your own in the middle of a quotation you need to place it in square brackets [ ].



When leaving out a phrase/word, you must indicate this by including ellipsis… where the phrase/word was.


You should introduce a quotation with a phrase followed by either a comma, or a colon:



Always check the conventions of your discipline, as they may vary slightly and keep your conventions consistent.



Using quotations is not the same as plagiarism. Plagiarism is copying someone else’s work and claiming that it is your own.



Universities use software to detect information that has been copied from another source without acknowledgement.


Note: It is useful to record the source of any quotes you come across, as you work.

Using Quotations - A Guide .PDF


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