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Learning Resources - Narrative Checklist

First Person Narrative

The author takes on the role of a character.

The story is told from the inside.

The narrator appears to address you directly - this increases the illusion that the story is real.

This view is more limited because we can only see things through the narrator's eyes.

We do not know what is going on inside other people's heads.


Second Person Narrative

This addresses the reader directly and is a powerful way of encouraging the reader to engage with the text. This narrative refers to one of the characters as 'you'.


Third Person Narrative

The narrator can see and hear everything that is going on - a kind of 'fly on the wall approach'.

The narrator can tell us of events that happen in different places at different times.

We are often told how different characters feel and what they are thinking.

The narrator is more detached and can make comments on the characters.


Interior Monologues

Can be used to reflect and develop the thoughts in a characters mind. Using interior monologues allows the reader to see how a character's thoughts are developing.


Stream of Consciousness

Writing in which thoughts are written randomly just as if they have been spilled out of the character's mind onto the page, consequently one of the features of this kind of writing is that it appears unstructured, un-punctuated and chaotic. However, it is important to remember that the writer has deliberately structured it in this way to reflect the complex outpourings of the human mind.


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