Home > Learning Resources > English - Approaching Un-Prepared Non -Fiction Texts - Checklist

English - Approaching Un-Prepared Non-Fiction Texts- Checklist

Active Reading Strategies:

  • Consider the title – suggests what the text is about
  • Consider the introduction carefully
  • Read the text in full – to gain the sense of the text and an understanding of the content
  • Read the text again – highlight important keywords and phrases
  • Look for 3 key things: 1. Audience 2. Purpose 3. Writers Technique
  • 1. Audience – Is the text aimed at a particular audience? Does the complexity of language suggest a certain readership?
  • Audience – Knowledge – Do you need to know anything to make sense of the text, or is it explained to you?
  • Audience Opinions – Is the reader expected to share the same views and opinions as the writer?
  • 2. Purpose – What is the purpose of the text? – Figure out what the writer is trying to achieve?


  • A Framework for considering Purpose:
  • Inform, Explain, Describe - Writing to make something clear, to provide information
  • Argue, Persuade, Advise - Writing to discuss an issue, or persuade someone to share your views
  • Explore, Imagine, Entertain – Writing intended for no other purpose than to be entertaining to the reader
  • 3 . Writers Technique1. Word Level, 2. Sentence level, 3. Text level
  • 1. Word level – What features do you notice?
  • Emotive language – language used to deliberately create an emotional response or impact
  • Technical language
  • Informal language
  • Simple language
  • Figurative language
  • Formal language


Figurative Language:

  • Similes
  • Metaphors
  • Personification
  • Alliteration
  • Onomatopoeia
  • Idiom
  • Cliché
  • Hyperbole
  • 2. Sentence Level – Consider the way the writer combines words and phrases into sentences. Note how different writers achieve this and consider the choices they make when they decide which sentence level features to use:
  • Simple sentence
  • Sentence variety
  • Punctuation
  • Tense
  • First person narrative
  • Second person narrative
  • Third person narrative
  • 3. Text Level – Consider the appearance of the text on the page. Notice how different writers do this and the choices they make:
  • Illustrations
  • Layout features
  • Signpost words and phrases





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